The units aboard the Orcades (the 2/2nd Pioneers, an engineer field company, an anti-aircraft regiment as well as transport and medical personnel) were ordered to form an ad hoc force along with a squadron from the British 3rd The King's Own Hussars and an artillery battery from the US 131st Field Artillery Regiment.  Lieutenant Colonel Roy Gordon, who had raised the original 'C' Company in 1940, took over command of the battalion in February 1944. An armoured car regiment was formed in 1933 based on the 19th Light Horse Regiment. Each of the four divisions in the Sec… Western Australia's 2/4th Machine Gun Battalion was raised at the end of 1940 as one of the support units for the ill-fated 8th Division. , The Orcades, a fast transport capable of 26 knots, set sail for Colombo before even the battalion's baggage could be brought on board. The plaque commemorates those who served in the 2nd / 3rd Australian Machine Gun Battalion during World War Two. , In late 1941, the Japanese entered the war, attacking Pearl Harbor and launching an invasion of Malaya. Designated a South Australian battalion, its personnel were nevertheless recruited from several Australian states: South Australians predominated, but there were also men from Victoria, Tasmania, and Western Australia, with many of the battalion's cadre staff of officers and senior non commissioned officers having served previously in the Militia with various light horse regiments and infantry battalions. 2/3rd Australian Machine Gun Battalion Formed on 17th June 1940 at Wayville S.A. under the command of Lt. Col. A. S. Blackburn V.C. Each Infantry Brigade had a Machine Gun Company under command.  The battalion was sent to Dapto, on the New South Wales coast, in October 1942, to carry out defensive duties. It was structured along the same lines as the other 2nd AIF machine gun battalions, which consisted of between 800 and 900 personnel organised into a headquarters element consisting of three platoons – signals, anti-aircraft and administration – and four machine gun companies, each equipped with 12 Vickers machine guns, to make a total of 48 across the entire battalion. , In the end, this did not eventuate, as the 7th Division was committed to the Syria–Lebanon campaign in early June, to secure the Allied eastern flank from attack. In the ensuing chaos, Dutch engineers blew up the bridge at the Tjianten River. Shortly afterwards, they came under air attack from Japanese Mitsubishi A6M Zeroes on 22 February, during which one member of the 2/3rd was killed, while six others were wounded. When World War II broke out, the decision was made to raise several machine gun battalions within the 2nd AIF, allocated at a rate of one per division. On 3 March, the battalion went into action around Leuwiliang for the first time as Dutch troops began to withdraw. , The 2/3rd Machine Gun Battalion received the following battle honours:, The following officers commanded the 2/3rd Machine Gun Battalion during the war:, Of these, both Blackburn and Reed were World War I veterans who had later served in the Militia in the 18th Light Horse Regiment, in South Australia, during the inter-war years. The plan had been for the Dutch troops to make a stand at Djasinga, but faulty intelligence resulted in a rout and the Dutch began to withdraw back to Bandung, flooding through Blackforce's lines. Merged into 1st Australian MG Battalion February 1918. Although raised in South Australia, B Company came from Victoria, C Company came from Tasmania and D Company came from Western Australia. 21st Australian Machine Gun Company. For the next couple of days, the battalion fought several skirmishes with 'C' Company bearing the brunt of the Japanese attacks, suffering seven killed and 28 wounded, while inflicting about 200 casualties on the Japanese. We virtually had two wars (Nth Africa and the Pacific) and we had two armies, the AIF and the CMF. The author served with the 2/2 Machine Gun Battalion during its Desert Campaigns North Africa, New Guinea and was on Tarakan with Brigadier Whitehead's 26th Brigade, which included Don Company of the machine gunners, when the war ended. They endured a bitter cold, and snowy, winter at Fih near Tripoli, which was punctuated by leave drafts to Tel Aviv. , After the war, the Australian Army moved away from the machine gun battalion construct and consequently no similar units have been raised since, with the role being subsumed into the support companies of individual infantry battalions. The battalion's final action of the war came on 7 August when a patrol killed four Japanese.  The relevant companies came from several units assigned to the 1st Division, specifically: the 1st, 13th, 17th, 18th, 20th/19th, and 34th Infantry Battalions. 2/2 Australian Machine Gun Battalion history written by a Veteran. The 2/1st Australian Machine Gun Battalion was formed on 14 December 1939 as part of the 6th Division. , In early April 1941, the battalion, less 'D' Company which travelled west for home leave, entrained at Oakbank, near to Woodside, South Australia where they had moved the previous February.  As the Allied defence of the island began to collapse, the machine gunners were ordered to hold up the Japanese around Leuwiliang for a day. The 6th Machine Gun Battalion was a battalion of the Australian Army that was raised for service during World War II. Relieving the 7th Machine Gun Battalion, the battalion was attached to the 3rd Division and undertook defensive duties in Port Moresby, mainly located at Ward's Airfield, starting in July. The plaque commemorates those who served with the 19th Machine Gun Battalion during World War Two. When they returned from New Guinea they were again based at Wallgrove Army Camp from 12 June 1944 till their disbandment on 1 December 1944.. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS By late July, the majority of the battalion moved to Wewak Point, while two companies remained in the vicinity of Mandi–Bandi; operations in the area had killed 59 Japanese, for the loss of four men from 2/3rd killed in action and eight wounded. Meanwhile, following the conclusion of hostilities, the battalion's personnel were slowly transferred to other units or repatriated back to Australia for demobilisation. British Army in Australia during WWII Other operational units and moved to Semina where they established a camp at 69. 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